Getting ready to apply to business school? Then the Graduate Management Admission Test (GMAT) should be on your to-do list. The GMAT measures a variety of skills that are thought to predict success in business school. It measures skills that you’ve acquired over the high school and college years. The GMAT is an aptitude test because it is meant to measure your potential to succeed in business school.
While the GMAT is only one of several criteria that graduate business programs use to evaluate your application, it is one of the most important. This is particularly true if your college GPA is not as high as you’d like. Exceptional GMAT scores can open up new opportunities for business school.
The GMAT contains sections that measure verbal reasoning, quantitative reasoning, and analytical writing skills.
The verbal section tests your ability to read and understand written material, to reason and evaluate arguments, and to correct written material so that it conforms to standard written English. Specifically, you’ll answer three types of questions
Reading Comprehension Questions
Reading passages of up to 350 words long are accompanied by interpretative, applied, and inferential questions. The passages discuss topics from the social and physical sciences, as well as business-related fields such as marketing and economics.This section does not assume detailed knowledge of the subject matter. Instead, the test measures your ability to understand, analyze and apply information presented in written form. All of the questions are to be answered based on what is stated or implied in the passage.
These questions evaluate your ability to: (1) understand the reading passage, (2) follow the logical of the passage and evaluate the importance of the arguments presented, and (3) draw inferences.
Critical Reasoning Questions
These questions test the skills involved in making and evaluating arguments as well as creating and evaluating plans of action. Items tap your ability to construct, evaluate, and form arguments and plans of action.
Sentence Correction Questions
These questions test your ability to correctly express ideas in standard written English and to improve incorrect or ineffective expressions.
The quantitative section tests basic math skills and your ability to understand and apply quantitative skills to solve problems. Two types of questions appear:
Test basic math skills, the understanding of basic concepts and the ability to reason and solve quantitative problems
Data Sufficiency Questions
Each item consists of a question and two statements that contain additional info. Your job is to decide if there is sufficient info to answer the question posed. This measures your ability to analyze problems.
The Analytical Writing Assessment tests your ability to analyze and evaluate issues and arguments. This portion of the exam consists of one 30-minute writing task requiring you to analyze an issue and explain your point of view, providing reasons and examples. It examines your ability to form an argument about a topic of general interest. It is not assumed that you will have any specialized knowledge of the subject. In correction the writing portion of the exam, raters consider: (1) your ability to organize and express your ideas, (2) your ability to use reasons and examples to support your statements, and (3)your use of standard written English.
This section measures your ability to evaluate information presented in multiple formats from multiple sources. The Integrated Reasoning section consists of 4 types of questions: graphics interpretation, two-part analysis, table analysis, and multi-source reasoning.